DIY How to Articles with Step-by-Step Instructions and Images




How to Make Cat5e Patch Cables


Due to numerous requests for wiring diagrams or general information on how to build a category 5e patch cable, ComputerCableStore™ has created the following "How to Make a Cat 5e Patch Cables".


How to Make Cat 6 Patch Cables


ComputerCableStore™ has created the following "How to Make Cat6 Patch Cables" to help you make your own custom length Category 6 network cables.


How to Punch Down 110 Style Keystone Jacks


Step by Step instructions with detailed photos guide you through the process of punching down 110 style keystone jacks.


How to Terminate Coaxial Cables


Step by Step instructions with detailed photos guide you through the process of terminating coax cable.


TIA/EIA 568-A and 568-B Termination Color Codes


TIA/EIA-568-B.1-2001 is likely the most commonly used and talked about feature of the specification created in 1988. 568-a is the definition of pin assignments for the the pairs within Category 3 (CAT3), Category 5 (CAT5) and Category 6 (CAT6) unshielded twisted-pair (UTP) cables.


How to Terminate Fiber Optic Cable


To begin, strip the cable down to the bare fiber using an appropriate fiber stripper such as the FiberOpticx Fiber Stripper. After you have prepared the end of the cable you may begin to mix the epoxy resin and hardener together and load it into a syringe.


Fiber Span Analysis Calculations


Calculate a rough estimate for Fiber Span link loss or Power Budget. Determine whether you will have enough power to span the link, or whether the power will be too high, thus requiring additional attenuation.


AWG - American Wire Gauge Chart


Since 1857, the American wire gauge (AWG), also known as the Brown & Sharpe wire gauge, has been predominantly used in the United States to determine the current-carrying capacity for round, solid, nonferrous, electrically conducting wire by using the cross-sectional area as a important determining factor.


Straight-through, Crossover, and Rollover Wiring


Detailed pictures and descriptions of Straight-Through, Crossover and Roller over wiring pin outs. Each of the various pin outs are compared and their specific applications identified clarifying a commonly confused subject.


How to Make Cat5e Patch Cables
UTP Patch Cable Due to numerous requests for wiring diagrams or general information on how to build patch cables, the Computer Cable Store™ has created the following "How to Make a Cat 5e Patch Cable". Within this "How To" article we have included all the information you should need to find the materials, tools, and info on how to build straight through Cat 5e Patch Cables and Crossover Cat 5e Patch Cables.

We will discuss materials needed, cable preparation, as well as connector termination.

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How to Terminate Keystone Jacks
Keystone Jack Punchdown Make sure the stripper is adjusted properly on a scrap piece of cable. The Stripper should be adjusted to only score the jacket to make removing it easier and not nick the twisted pairs. Using a Coaxial Stripper strip around 1 inch of the jacket off. Be careful not to nick the conductors as this will cause the wire to break or short out the connection causing problems down the road. Inspect all wires for damage before proceeding to step. Straighten the pairs out completely and lay them over the top of the keystone jack noting the color pattern for the 568b wiring. Note: Each keystone jack is slightly different in how they are labeled and how the colors are arranged. The 568B standard is most commonly used and ends of the cable must have the same standards to communicate. We have the 3 most common keystone jack styles pictured here. The first jack pictured has the 2 standard pairs on the right, and the 2 variable pairs on the left.

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Modular Keystone Jack - RJ11 (6P6C) EZ - Blue Modular Keystone Jack - RJ11 (6P6C) EZ - Blue

The voice modular connector, RJ-11 Keystone Jack 6-position 6-conductor (6P6C), is designed for business system applications. The connector utilizes IDC termination, accepts 22-24 AWG solid wire. Termination can be done using 110 punch down tools, or by using the termination cap for fast and easy termination. For use with applications: Apple Talk, Voice, and Arcnet
1. RJ-11 Voice Module:A. Electrical:Current rating: 1.5 amps max.Voltage rating: 150 volts alternatingDielectric withstanding voltage: 1000 volts rms, 60HzInsulation resistance: >10 mohmsB. Mechanical:Mated force: 5 lbs max.Unmated force: 5 lbs max.Plug retention force: 20 lbs min.Durability: 750 cyclesC. Physicals:Housing: ABS, UL 94V-0Contact: Phosphor bronze gold plating over 100 inches of nickelGold plating: 1.27 micron/50 micro inch min.Connector: insulation displacement connector (IDC) accepts 22~24 AWG solid wireD: Colors:XX: AL-Almond, BK-Black, BL-Blue, GN-Green, GY-Gray, IV-Ivory, OR-Orange, PR-Purple, RD-Red, WH-White, YL-Yellow2. Termination cap:A. Material: PC, UL 94V-0B. Color: Light gray
A Keystone module is an industry standard type of wall jack used in residential and business environments. The system consists of a modular face plate to which jacks are mounted. They are generally used as a termination point for permanent cable installations.


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Module Speaker Dual Ivory Module Speaker Dual Ivory

Makes an ideal solution for home theaters, conference rooms, and other installations where a large number of speaker wires are present. These modules provide a clean connection point for speaker wire pairs and 50% less space within the faceplate. This allows an entire 5.1, 6.1, or 7.1 surround sound home theater system to be installed within a 12 or 18 port faceplate depending on the type of installation. It easily handles speaker wiring up to 12 AWG to provide high fidelity sound by allowing for connection to high wattage speakers. The push pins are black and red and the front and back of the modules are embossed with + and - signs making it easy to install speakers with the polarity correct. The faceplate size can be reduced by one to two gangs by using these new dual speaker spring clip modules to provide a more finished professional appearance than traditional installations.

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